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LESSON 10. INTERFARM LAND USE PLANNING
Скачать с сервера ()  ·  29.08.2010, 00:07

I. Выучите новую лексику урока:

interfarm а межхозяйственный infarm а внутрихозяйственный

actual а действительный, encompass v окружать,

существующий в настоящее время охватывать

a large amount (of) большое idle a пустующий (о земле)

количество restrict v ограничивать,

conceive v 1. постигать; сокращать

2. задумывать nevertheless adv, conj хотя,

processing n обработка собранных несмотря на, однако

данных pattern n образец, модель

proposal n предложение priority n преимущество

reduce v 1. ослаблять, уменьшать; link n соединение;

2. сводить (к) v связывать, соединять

heart n суть, сущность interdependent а взаимозависимый

emphasize v подчеркивать;

выделять

 

II. Прочтите и переведите текст:

Text A. What is an Interfarm Land Use Plan?

The actual land use planning comes after a large amount of preparatory work. The most well-conceived objectives and the most sophisticated data collection, processing and ana lysis operation are of little value if they do not ultimately result in formulation of development proposals.

The general goals must be reduced to proposals in a plan form because the plan is the heart of the planning pro cess. The central importance of a plan cannot be overempha sized.

There are two main kinds of land use planning: 1. interfarm and 2. infarm. Interfarm land use planning en compasses the formation of land uses of agricultural enter prises. It includes the improvement of the existing land uses and the formation of new ones.

The interfarm land use planning also deals with the for mation of non-agricultural land uses and takings of land. It is aimed to find idle land for new locations of agricultural and non-agricultural enterprises.

The interfarm land use plan deals with land uses within the boundaries of an administrative region or a group of interconnected land users.

 

 

III. Прочтите и переведите текст:

 

Text B. Interfarm Land Use Planning and Specialization and Concentration of Farming

When the interfarm land use planning is provided within the framework of an administrative region, the land use planners can design sound development plans. They can delineate new land uses taking into consideration modern trends to specialization and concentration of farming.

Our farm-land can be used for more different purposes than ever before due to the scientific and technological prog ress in agriculture. The properties inherent in the land are now less restrictive, and other resources determine what the most economic use shall be.

The characteristics of land nevertheless still set limits that influence the broad patterns of agriculture. The successful interfarm land use plan is the one which cooperates with the natural and biological processes that are linked to land.

What determines how farm-land shall be used in any area or region? Why are certain combinations of crops and livestock grown in one region, but not in another? Questions like these may be answered by a sound interfarm land use planning.

Physical factors are the ones that we think of in describing the land itself climate, soil, topography, elevation, water supply, and the like. They are the properties that are natu rally a part of the land.

The planners have to do with the rate of agricultural production, and with specialization and integration of the farms. The interfarm land use plan is to consider the optimum size of livestock farms and their location in the region, the acreage of pastures and grasslands and many other inter-connections. The planners should also take into consideration both existing and future interconnections of a group of agri cultural enterprises which have an interdependent technolog ical process and are integrative parts of agro-industrial complexes. The nearness to the relative branches of industry and the communication facilities play an important role in interfarm planning.

The planners should consider all factors before they develop new land uses or essentially transform the existing ones. The formation of land uses of an agricultural enter prise in order to increase the productivity requires evaluation of all factors. All non-agricultural land users must take into consideration the priority of land demands for agriculture. There may be complicated situations when an interfarm land use plan should be developed for the future. This plan should have economic and legal backgrounds for all planning decisions.

 

IV. Определите без словаря значение следующих словосочетаний:

data collection; analysis operation; in a plan form; land use planning process; agricultural associations; administrative regions; specialization and concentration of farming; scientific and technological progress; biological process; physical factor

 

V. Употребите глагол, стоящий в скобках, в нужной форме:

1. The specialist (to give) a large amount of preparatory work by his chief-engineer. 2. The work (to give) to a study group two months ago. 3. The chief engineer explained the main goal of the project that (to give) the study group. 4. The formation of land uses of agricultural enterprises (to encom-pass) in interfarm land use planning. 5. Some questions about effective land use (to answer) by a sound land use plan. 6. Both existing and future interconnections of a group of agricultur al enterprises (must take) into consideration by the land use planners. 7. When the planner knows the size of the lives tock farm the acreage of pasture or grassland (to consider) in the project.

VI. Закончите следующие предложения, используя текст B:

1. The planners can delineate new land uses taking into consideration modern trends to... . 2. Due to the scientific and technological progress in agriculture our farm-land can be used for... . 3. What is the successful interfarm land use plan? It is the one which... . 4. The broad patterns of agriculture are still influenced by...5. Physical factors are the ones that....

VII. Дайте русские эквиваленты следующих слов и словосочетаний:

well-conceived objective; general goals; overemphasize; infarm planning; interfarm planning; co-operate; biological process; livestock farm

 

VIII. Переделайте предложения, употребив глаголы-сказуемые форме страдательного залога:

1.The actual land use planning requires much preparation work made by land use planning engineers. 2. We cannot over emphasize the significance of a plan for interfarm land use planning. 3. Interfarm land use planning solves the problems of taking the land for agricultural purposes. 4. The planners can design sound development proposals. 5. In their work the planners must take into consideration modern trends to specialization and concentration of farming. 6. We use our farm-land for many different purposes. 7. The planners should consider all the factors before they develop new land uses. 8. While planning road network the engineers must carefully evaluate the farm-land losses.

 

IX. Вставьте подходящие по смыслу слова. Переведите предложе ния на русский язык:

1.The interfarm land use planning includes the improve ment of the ... land uses. 2. The characteristics of land still set ... to the use of land for agricultural purposes. 3. Climate, soil, topography, elevation, water supply and the like are considered to be ... factors. 4. The interfarm land use plan considers the optimum ... of the livestock farm. 5. The sta bility of farm people is one of the most significant elements in the ... process. 6. It's necessary to know the true effect of road ... on farm-land and food production before taking the land for ... network.

 

X. Переведите с русского языка на английский:

1.Землепользования, предназначенные для несельско хозяйственных целей, должны располагаться на неплодо родных или бросовых землях. 2. Необходима точная оцен ка потерь сельскохозяйственных земель при отводе участ ков под коммуникации. 3. При промышленном строительстве иногда корпуса заводов и фабрик внедряются в земли, при-годные для сельского хозяйства. 4. Специалист должен постоянно помнить, что для целей промышленности и транспорта следует отводить самые неплодородные земли.

 

XI. Определите, какими частями речи являются выделенные слова. Переведите предложения на русский язык:

1.Land use planning is a very complex matter. 2. The developments of agro-industrial complexes will need the com prehensive approach. 3. It is necessary that taking land for non-agricultural uses does not effect the gross agricultural output. 4. The appearance of agro-industrial complexes re-quires further study and research for it may have more effect on rural land use. 5. There is a need for comprehensive study before taking land for non-agricultural purpose. 6. The planner needs much information when he studies the possibility of taking land for one or another purpose.

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