I. Выучите новую лексику урока:
permanently adv неизменно,
prep повсюду постоянно
storage п 1. хранилище; verge v приближаться
2. хранение solution n решение
trend n направление, тенденция comparative а сравнительный
adopt v принимать favourable а благоприятный
silo n силос; а силосный main n магистраль
consistent а последовательный sewer n сточная труба
II. Прочтите и переведите текст :
Text А. Internal Land Use Planning and
land use planning deals with agricultural enter prises. It encompasses the
location of living areas and produc tion units, the size and shape of field
patterns, etc. The plan ners should be aware of modern progress of agricultural
sci ence and technology.
progress of agricultural science and technology has taken many forms. Firstly,
electrical power distribution can be seen throughout the countryside. This made
practical in tensive cropping, crop storage and livestock housing. Farm
production is improved with better stock genetics, seeds, and fertilizers.
land use planning takes into consideration modern trends in farm management,
especially the development of regional agro-industrial complexes. With the
changes in cul tivation and harvesting equipment many state and collective
farms have adopted the management techniques used in in dustry. The latest
achievements in science and technology of farm ing include new modern
developments in specialized farm building units. For example, central grain
silo units, to which several thousand hectares may be contracted have become
common in many rural areas.
land use planning deals with modern development of science and technology in
all various fields of agriculture. Intensive livestock housing, for example,
has been a consis tent trend in many parts of our country. It seems probable
that a situation will prevail when nearly all farm stock are housed permanently
for the greater part of their lives. The modern tractor, with its capacity to
handle a multitude of different cultivation and materials handling equip ment,
requires that modern fieldwork should be based on large units.
of future field machinery techniques verges towards science fiction. It seems
probable that within twen ty years remote-controlled fieldwork will be the
norm. There is no technical reason why this should not be so. It is difficult
to forecast which technique is likely to prove the most effi cient and viable.
But, in any
event, there are still more implications for interfarm land use planning.
Automated fieldwork will make streamlined field pattern more essential. It is
desirable to plan the field patterns and operations for more efficient and
interfarm land use planning is to meet the new require ments of technological
progress in agriculture. Solution of these growing problems can be achieved on
the basis of computerization of the land use planning process.
III. Прочтите и переведите текст:
Text В. Location of Living Areas of
country the living conditions of collective and state farmers are being
constantly improved. Modern residential developments, can be seen throughout
the countryside in all parts of the country. Location of new residential
develop ments is of crucial importance. It is an important part of internal
land use planning.
agricultural enterprise needs an adequate living area. Much study is necessary
to provide optimum living conditions of those who live in rural areas.
plan should have maps that show a desirable scheme of land use, including areas
of production units, field patterns, communications system, etc. Consideration
should be given to the impact of different location factors that in fluence a
particular living area. Certain comparative advan tages may stem from natural
advantages such as favourable climate, soils and topography.
are to live in the community will need more jobs, attractive homes, land for
farming and gardening, and areas for rest and play. Determining the areas in a
community that are most suitable requires study. A growing community also needs
new roads and streets, schools, public buildings, water mains, sewers, and
other public facilities. Where should the proposed public improve ments be
located? Locations might be selected with a view to making the fullest use of
present and proposed facilities. The location of public buildings, roads and
other facili ties will influence land uses. Small industrial enterprises in the
living area become common with some old and new rural developments.
associated with various local amenities provide a comparative advantage.
Amenity considerations are sometimes ignored when significant economic
advantages are as-sociated with particular sites. Ready access to municipal
roads and to motorways is important. The living area should not be located too
far from the local road. Labor efficiency may be increased by making the
distance between the most fre quently used areas and the home as short as
possible. Much attention is paid now to the requirements of modern rural family
living zone. Some land use planners consider that it should have a house, a
garage, recreation area, a garden, an orchard, a small animal building.
location of residential areas is to provide the best conditions for those who
work at the agricultural enterprise and in related branches of agriculture.
IV. Определите без словаря значения следующих
areas; production units; field pattern; electric pow er; livestock housing; management
techniques; specialized farm building units; farm stock; modern tractor;
farmstead machinery; modern machine size; mechanized agriculture; technological
V. Определите функцию инфинитива в данных предложениях. Пе
реведите предложения на русский язык:
1. It is
difficult to forecast which technique is likely to prove the most efficient and
viable. 2. To plan the field pat tern and operations for more efficient
agriculture is the task of the land use planner. 3. The interfarm land use
planning is to meet the new requirements of the technological progress in
agriculture. 4. The land use planners must con sider the location of the
production units on the basis of cost-benefit analysis.
VI. Закончите следующие предложения, используя текст В:
1. Our aim
is constantly to improve the living conditions of collective... .2. An adequate
living area is needed for mod ern... . 3. What kind of maps should each master
plan have? The maps that show... 4. The living area should not be lo cated too
far from... . 5. The requirements of modern rural family living zone are
paid... . 6. This zone must have enough place for a house, a garage and... . 7.
The best conditions must be given to those who... .
VII. Дайте русские эквиваленты следующих слов и словосочетаний:
unit; intensive cropping; harvesting equip ment; specialized farm building
units; farm stock countryside; natural advantages; gardening
VIII. Запишите и выучите наизусть следующие глагольные
сочетания. Употребите их в качестве вводных членов предложения. Запи шите
предложения в тетрадь:
to tell the
truth по правде говоря
to say the
least мягко выражаясь
to make a
long story short короче говоря
to put it
simply попросту говоря
to put it
another way иначе говоря
with, to start with прежде всего
IX.Вставьте подходящие по смыслу слова.Переведите
предложения на русский язык:
progress of agricultural science and ... is a part of wider changes in
agriculture. 2. Intensive livestock housing has been a consistent ... in many
parts of our country. 3. It is difficult to forecast which ... is likely to be
the most ef ficient and viable in the nearest future. 4. A growing communi ty
needs new roads and ..., schools, public ..., water ..., sewers and so on. 5.
The living area has to be ...not very far from the local road. 6. By its very
nature ...is widely dispersed over the available land area.
X. Переведите с русского языка на английский:
1. В планировании сельскохозяйственного предприятия важно
учесть фактор размещения жилого массива. 2. Не обходимо создать максимально
хорошие условия для сель ских тружеников. 3. Для размещения жилого массива тре
буется территория с благоприятной окружающей средой. 4. Производительность
труда во многом зависит от условий, в которых живет сельский труженик.
XI. Определите, какими частями речи являются выделенные
слова. Переведите предложения на русский язык:
land use planning also deals with allocation of living areas. 2. People living
in rural communities need more favourable conditions for their life and public
activity. 3. Now we can see great changes in agriculture. 4. Wise plan ned
electrical power distribution greatly changes the life of the farmers. 5. It
seems probable that within twenty years remote controlled fieldwork will be the
norm. 6. You probably will be a good specialist of land use planning